Capers - SerraSol Santa Lucia Società Agricola srl

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The Caper (Capparis spinosa) is a small shrub or branched suffrutex to prostrate-hanging. The plant will consume the buds, such capers, and more rarely the fruit, known as cucunci. Both are preserved in oil, pickled or salted. The habit is Clustered, with trunk and branches quickly branched woody only at the base, often very long, first upright, then sliding or falling. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, lamina subrotonda and entire margin, glabrous or finely hairy, fleshy. The name given to the species is due to the presence, at the base of the petiole, of two stipules transformed into spines. The flowers are solitary, axillary, stalked long, showy. Calyx and corolla are tetramers, in turn composed of four green sepals and 4 white petals. The androecium consists of many stamens red-violet, provided with very long filaments. The ovary is overcome, with sessile stigma. The fruit is a capsule and green oblong, spindle-shaped, carried by a peduncle of 2-3 cm, fusiform and fleshy, with pulp pinkish color. It contains numerous seeds kidney-shaped, blacks or yellowish, 1-2 mm in size. At maturity it opens with a longitudinal slot. The fruits are commonly called cucunci or cocunci. Although a plant rupicola, the caper takes advantage of the cultivation in the ground and watered moderately develops more lush, producing flowers from May to October. It is propagated by seed or cuttings preferably. The cutting is done in the summer, taking a piece of 7-10 cm in a woody branch of 2-3 years of age, then it is placed in a box filled with peat and sand. To promote rooting is best to use rooting powder. Formed the roots, the plants are taken and invasano individually in pots of about 10 cm in diameter. The propagation by seed is difficult since the germination of the seeds is good only if the seeds are sown immediately from the harvest of the fruit, is however very difficult (germinability 5-10%) when they come into dormancy (i.e. dry out), the preparation with seeds in warm water and then soak for a few days increases the germination. The possibility of germination increases even if the seeding is performed in the winter months (December-January). It is sown in boxes filled with peat and sand, left outdoors in the summer and sheltered in autumn-winter. The following spring you can transplant the new plant directly in the ground or individually in a vase. Sowing can also be done directly in the cracks of walls to dry well exposed to the sun in autumn. But need to be the seeds pressed into a handful of moss which will protect the seed during the winter and will keep him wet, another solution: put the seeds in a ripe fig, or a lump of mud pressed then insert it all into the slot of the wall . The plants will be born in May or June.
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